Archive for the ‘History’ Category

An Overview of PEER Bearing Company

Friday, January 6th, 2017

PEER Bearing Company is a specialty company that focuses on the manufacture and supply of ball and roller bearings.

Established in 1941 as the Archer Bearing, the organization was renamed to PEER Bearing in 1961.

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An Overview of Maurey Manufacturing Corporation

Friday, December 23rd, 2016

Maurey Manufacturing Corporation was created in the year 1917 by Eugene Maurey, Sr.. It was first called Up-To-Date Machine Works. They took on the name Maurey Manufacturing Corporation in 1933 in Chicago.

Since the company began, they have been at the forefront of a number of industries and have directly contributed to a lot to the industry.

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The History Behind The Timken House In San Diego

Friday, December 16th, 2016

Instead of the usual article on bearings or bearing companies, I thought I would mix it up a little bit today, offering some history stemming from and running alongside The Timken Company. Mr. Timken influenced more than just his business.

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An Overview of The Timken Company

Friday, October 21st, 2016

In order to maximize your knowledge of bearings, I decided to spend a little time over the next few months to present some good information about some of the significant businesses in market. The first for you to become familiar with is The Timken Company. (more…)

Bearings – Fun Facts!

Friday, July 3rd, 2015

While it’s true that bearings might not come up in everyday conversations, they may never be the theme at Bingo night, or even come up during a heated game of trivia – but there are definitely a few things about bearings you don’t yet know, and they are far from boring!

Bearings Aren’t New

Yes, there are many new ways we’ve found to implement the handy little buggers, but that’s not to say bearings haven’t in fact been around a very long time.

It’s easy to think that bearings just sprouted up out of nowhere as modern technology has risen in the last 50 years, but they’ve been around far longer than that.

Thousands of years ago, the ancient Egyptians used a form of roller bearings to build massive structures such as the great pyramids.

Remains of Roman ships dating back to 40 BC have been found with wooden ball bearings that supported rotating tables.

Bearings manufacturing giant, Timken, was issued their first patent for Timken Tapered Roller Bearings back in 1898.

Bearings are Everywhere

Did you ever hear the phrase, “a spider has eight legs and there’s always one within eight feet of you?” It would be easy to guess the same is true for bearings.

If you take a quick look around, you will notice bearings are everywhere, all around you. They’re in water heaters, microwaves, computers, airplanes, satellites, telescopes, washing machines, skateboards, and the list goes on and on.

Bearings are Perfect

In shape and structure, that is.

If you were to take it upon yourself to attempt to file down a ball bearing – in the how many licks does it take to get to the center of a lollipop kind of way – your file would be guaranteed to wear out long before the ball bearing ever does!

Secondly, they’re perfectly round. For a fun comparison – if you were to expand a ball bearing to match the size of the Earth, you would notice that the ball bearing would be more round than the Earth itself. This has to do with centrifugal forces pulling at the Earth, making it an oblate spheroid rather than a perfect spherical object.

Bearings Won the World’s First Bicycle Race

According to the New World Encyclopedia’s history of bearings: In August of 1869, the first French patent for ball bearings was received by Parisian bicycle mechanic Jules Suriray. Shortly after that, James Moore came in first place in the world’s first bicycle race, the Paris-Rouen, in November of 1869. His first place medal was no doubt thanks to the new bearings that had been fitted to his bike.

We Once Declared War on Bearings

During the Second World War, factories in Germany that manufactured ball bearings were often targeted to be destroyed. Reason being, the bearings were an essential part of the war industry in Germany, and thus destroying them gave the Allies a much needed headway. Schweinfurt was one location of a major bearings manufacturing plant that was targeted.

Bearings Make the World Go ‘Round

Global demand is pushing bearing manufacturers to churn out more product, faster, with ever more innovative designs. As consumers and corporations demand more from technology, and the bearings market continues to grow, we’re sure to see bearings play an important role in our future.

The History of Lubricants

Friday, November 28th, 2014

Imagine what a pat on the back that smart fellow received when he discovered that applying animal fat to the wheels of chariots made them run more easily. I’ll bet he earned a day off for that one!

We’ve come a long ways since those primitive discoveries of using lubricants. Kathryn Carnes, features editor over at The Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers took a look at the most critical moments in tribology’s history (the study of interacting surfaces in relative motion – i.e. friction, lubrication, and wear).

I’d like to share a few with you on the subject of lubrication in this brief history lesson.

As you might think, evidence of lubricants being used begins in ancient Egypt.

Many illustrations were left by the Egyptians showing large objects and stones being pulled across flat ground, or wooden planks. This was possible when people would pour down liquids before the object, so as to lubricate the surface area. For many tasks, olive oil was the lubricant of choice.

It’s been documented that the Egyptians also used pitch, which is a solid form of petroleum, for mummification. There are also biblical accounts of pitch being used by Noah as he built the ark.

By the 1600s, settlers in Pennsylvania were witnessing the native people’s collection of crude oil that had found its way up to the Earth’s surface. It was collected and used as fuel and medicine.

“To this day (and likely for many years to come) the influence and scope of petroleum lubes is unparalleled”, noted Kathryn.

Theories on hydrodynamic lubrication popped up between 1883 and 1905, when research showed that adding a fluid film would separate the surfaces of machinery, preventing wear and reducing friction. The increased pressure forces the surfaces apart, creating what’s called hydrodynamic lift.

Thanks to this discovery, we have slider bearings and journal bearings, both heavily used in machinery and vehicles.

The quest for synthetic alternatives began in 1877, when French chemist Charles Friedel and American James Mason Crafts developed the first synthetic hydrocarbons. It wasn’t until 1929 though, that commercial development of synthetic hydrocarbons occurred, by the Standard Oil of Indiana.

During the 1930s and early 1940s in Germany, synthetic fuels, rubber, lubricants and waxes would emerge on the market.

For those cases where liquid lubrication would not suffice, interest in self-lubricating materials was strong in the 1940s. The most famous of these was the discovery of PTFE (or Teflon) by Dr. Roy J. Plunkett in 1938. He came to this discovery in the midst of testing tetrafluoroethylene as a refrigerant.

That brings us to the discovery and application of elastohydrodynamic lubrication (EHD). In EHD, pressures are high and lubricant viscosity rises, assisting in the formation of an effective film.

Understanding EHD has led to the development of rolling element bearings, an invention which has allowed us to operate machinery and vehicles at a wide variety of speeds and loads, with very low friction or wear.

I hope you’ve enjoyed this look at how things were done in the past, and how they’ve led us to where we are today. I can only imagine where we will be in ten more years, or one hundred.

Original article from The Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers can be found here.

Baldor Electric Company — First in Energy since 1920

Tuesday, August 16th, 2011

The history of energy efficiency in industrial motors is really the story of Baldor Electric Company. For almost 100 years, Baldor has led the industry in developing products that deliver greater performance and reliability while using less electricity. From the company’s founding in the 1920s through today, Baldor has introduced one efficiency enhancing advancement after another. In fact, many of the advancements initiated by Baldor have later been adopted as industry standards.

The issue of energy efficiency for electric motors and drives is becoming increasingly relevant as electricity costs continue to rise. Companies are now competing in an environment of rising energy costs and the uncertainty of available electricity. These dynamics require the kind of forward-thinking industrial motor, drive, and generator supplier that anticipates customer needs and delivers products that save money and improve productivity. That company is Baldor.

 

Why is Energy Efficiency Important?

Electric motor-driven systems used in industrial processes consume some 679 billion kWh or 63 percent of all electricity used in U.S. industry, according to a Department of Energy report published in 1998. The report goes on to reveal that industrial motor electricity consumption could be reduced by up to 18 percent if companies were to apply “proven efficiency technologies and practices.” Specifically, the DOE recommends motor efficiency upgrades and application improvements. The purpose of this brochure is to show you the energy saving opportunities from using premium efficient motors and drives. The opportunities are real.

In 1992, the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) established minimum efficiency standards for industrial electric motors built after October 1997. Yet, only about 10 percent of all motors in use today comply with the minimum efficiency levels the Act mandates. When you factor in the savings potential of using adjustable speed drives in many applications, it’s easy to see that the environment, along with your profitability, stand to benefit significantly.